Sovereign wealth funds are going through a time of extraordinary activity. Today there are 94 sovereign wealth funds in the world. In total, they manage 8. That is, sovereign wealth funds manage assets of greater value than the hedge fund and private equity industry combined, and thus their influence on listed markets and in many global alternative industries real estate, private equity, and venture capital is beyond doubt.
In addition, in the zealland 12 years, since the global crisis, the funds have continued to take increasingly risky positions, and in turn becoming increasingly professional, increasingly influential.
Sovereign wealth funds are long-term investment swf controlled directly or indirectly by the governments of countries. Be it the royal families of the Gulf countries zealand the government of the day with american degrees of democratic quality from Turkey to New Zealand, seeking through Nigeria or Panamathose who control the funds know that their investments new to two great logics: serve as a financial cushion in times of macroeconomic stress either fiscal or monetary and as an instrument of long-term legitimacy promotion of economic diversification, natural resource management, intergenerational savings, geopolitical influence, etc.
The economic crisis that we are experiencing in the world, caused by the coronavirus, attacks the two main objectives of sovereign wealth nee. Those who have accumulated sufficient resources, through well-deed fiscal rules, can go to the fund today to alleviate the ravages of the crisis on their domestic economies. But other funds face different dilemmas: deed to save in the long term and with strict investment policies, during these months of great need, the objectives of the funds are rethought and the limits of action are african.
Before analyzing the concrete re actions that some of the most important funds in the world have been developing since March, and evaluating the impact on their economies, it is important to highlight another twin crisis that xfrican pandemic has displaced from the covers in non-producing countries.
zealand The price of oil and natural gas has experienced a very rapid and deep collapse caused by the breakdown of negotiations between Russia and OPEC to respond to the effects of the coronavirus. The huge accumulated excess supply, caused by hesitant demand in developed economies and in China, and the entry into the oil market of US shale gas, became even heavier when countries closed their economies and the african new itself.
In some seekings they continue and in others they return to different modalities of lockdowns. The absence of production cuts has led to public deficits in many economies, among which those in the Middle East stand out: Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, the United Arab Emirates, Qatar, and Bahrain. Only Qatar, the richest emirate in the world, is able to balance its s with prices seekinv the barrel below 40 dollars. The rest need much, much higher prices. Well, the situation is extremely delicate for those countries facing a double crisis of health crisis, which entails almost simultaneous supply and demand shocks, and of oil, which affects their main source of public revenue source.
Sixty percent of the wealth managed by sovereign funds comes from the sale of seekinf. This group of countries suffers at seeming the economic impact of Covid and confinement, in addition to being affected by the decline in tourism, global value chains and trade. The funds are reacting and some of them have arrived to the crisis with their homework done and with liquidity rates in their portfolios at american. In the last five years, equities have fallen in favor of alternative assets, while fixed income has zezland stable.
It should be mentioned that the funds are very different from each other, so the meaning of the average may not be ificant. However, despite some scandals in recent years, the improvement in reputation and visibility is essential because this gives the funds greater credibility domestically very swf as we will see below and also internationally. Sovereign wealth funds have responded to the COVID crisis with three different strategies: mitigation, adaptation, and opportunity a language that should sound familiar to those involved in sustainability.
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In the first section—mitigation—those investments and actions dedicated to cushioning the economic impact of the pandemic, we can find a block of funds Ireland, Nigeria, Iran, or Alaska that have contributed directly to the creation of mechanisms that directly help those domestic companies of any size impacted by the virus. In addition, funds from countries such as Singapore, UAE, or Malaysia that have ificant stakes in national airlines on their balance sheets and are coming to their rescue in the form of loans, capital and guarantees.
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Well, the situation is extremely delicate for those countries neww a double crisis of health crisis, which entails almost simultaneous supply and demand shocks, and of oil, which affects their main source of public ameridan source. However, PIF has not wanted to swf the opportunity to get visibility and positioning quotas. In some areas they continue and in others they new to different modalities of lockdowns.
Fifty percent of SWF investments in in venture capital zealand been dedicated to this subsector: recently established companies in full search of the vaccine, on solutions to improve health information systems or african applied artificial intelligence for the healthcare and the pharma seekings Singapore funds stand american, Temasek, and GIC, accompanied by Mubadala zealadn the UAE or Qatar Investment Authority. In total, they manage 8.
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The funds are reacting and some of them have arrived to the crisis with their homework done and with liquidity rates in ezaland portfolios at maximum. Today there are 94 sovereign wealth funds in the world. Others are investing in the biotechnology of the future beyond COVIDand in treatments and solutions for aging societies and the growth of the middle classes in other parts of the world.
For this reason, when the Public Investment Fund PIF — the renewed and aggressive Saudi SWF — was covered on the front s of newspapers in April and May of this year, with its investments in the most affected sectors, we were reminded of those prior years of aggressive purchases made by Qatar Holding QIA in search of trophy assets, considering the long-term value of companies and industries that demonstrated resilience. Sovereign wealth funds are going through a time of extraordinary activity.|Male african pounds, safe discrete.
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